How To Install Dam Liners


A Step by step procedure on how to install dam liners:

To learn how to install dam liners in your water pan or tank, consider the following factors

  1. Determine if;

1.1.  It is a water reservoir


1.2  A water tank

Each storage unit has a different way of calculating the dam liner


2. Define the shape of the water pan or tank;

2.1. Is it circular/ oval or square/ rectangular?

2.2  Are the rectangular/ square sides steep or slanted?

The dam liner calculation formulae is different for each shape as illustrated later in this article

The second stage in how to install dam liners is to work out the dam liner size


How to install dam liners by Grekkon Limited

A Grekkon Limited technician installing a dam liner in a water reservoir

How to calculate dam liner size

I. Square / rectangular steep sloped sides

Total length in meters: (length + 2depth + 2meters). Total width in meters: (width + 2depth +2meters). The additional 2meters on each side are for the overlap which is tucked in a trench for water reservoirs. For tanks, it’ll be 0.5M. Multiplying the total length with the total width gives the pond liner area in meters


Steep slope dam liner

A dam liner installed by Grekkon Limited on a steep sloped water reservoir


II. Square / rectangular slanted side


Slnaed slope dam liner

Slanted sides water reservoir


III. Square/ rectangular water tanks


Square tank dam liner


IV. Oval / circular shaped water reservoirs

Diameter + (2height/ depth) + (2meters)


How to install dam liners

A circular dam lined water reservoir


V. Oval / circular shaped water tanks

Diameter + (2height/ depth) + (0.5meters)

Dam liner welding is done prior to installation. To understand the welding process fully, a grower must first learn the dam liner installation process

Steps on How to Install Dam liners in Kenya

Water Pan Excavation

This is the first step and usually takes the longest time. Excavation is manual with hand-tools, or with a machine. Most common machines for dam excavation are backhoe loaders, and excavators. At excavation, the side walls are inclined at an angle to prevent collapse of the dam.

Read Also: How to join dam liners and Quality dam liners in Kenya by Grekkon Limited

Smoothening Of The Water Pan

This is to remove any sharp objects that damage the dam liner. Pour in water on the floor and sides to soften it.

Before trench making, get a roller to compress the mould of soil that was excavated and is spread out roundabout the water pan

Trench Making

Trenches are dug round the water pan where the dam liner will be installed. The size of the trench will depend on the size of the resevoir and the dam liner thickness. The most popular trench sizes are 1ft deep by 1ft wide and 1.5ft deep by 1.5ft wide. The alternative to trenches is to use sand bags to hold the dam liner in place at the top of the water reservoir

Observe the trench made around the water pan. it is 1M from the edges of the water pan, and this is where the dam liner will be tucked




Welding structures the pond liner to the water pan’s or tank’s shape, so as to hold water. The welded joints must be leak free for the dam liner to work effectively in the tank or water pan. Lined water pans are popular as water storage units for agricultural field crops irrigation in a country that has just one or two rainy seasons

How to join dam liners together

Cut the desired dam liner size from a roll. When the right size is larger than a roll, join the rolls.  Welding is by either a hot blower machine for 0.5mm, or with a dam liner welding machine for larger thicknesses. The sides to be welded together are overlaid during this process to give a perfect seal. This is an important stage because any gaps that cause water seepage will mess the entire water conservation effort. A specialist must carry out this job to avoid such losses


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Established in 2017, Grekkon Limited is a Kenyan agribusiness company. It specialises in the provision of; - Irrigation systems - Greenhouse construction - Dam liners installation - Water pumps - Solar dryers construction - Agriculture nets - Borehole drilling The company has operations offices in Nairobi, Mombasa, Kisumu, Eldoret, Nyeri, Meru, and Nyahururu

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